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Spanish Gender Nouns

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Infographics of Spanish Gender Nouns

Spanish Gender Nouns

Nouns Referring To People or Gender In Spanish

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Masculine Nouns:- Masculine Nouns are Gender nouns referring to Male example are Men and Boys. 

See Examples Below.

  • El hombre =The man

  • el rey =The king

  • la mujer =The Woman

  • la reina =The Queen

  • el estudiante =The (male) Student

  • la estudiante =The (female) student

  • el belga =The Belgian (Man)

  • la belga =The Belgian (woman)

Grammar Extra for Gender Nouns!

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Some words for people have only one possible gender, whether they refer to a male or female.

  • la persona =The Male or Female Person

  • la victima =The (Male or Female) Victim

Form Masculine or Feminine Nouns in Spanish by Changing the Ending

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To make a word masculine or feminine especially in English, try changing the ending, for example, Englishman and Englishwoman or prince and princess. Similarly, In Spanish, very often the by changing the ending of a noun to refer a man or woman, words are formed. 


Imp Note: Note that a noun ending in -O is generally masculine, and a noun ending in -a are feminine 

  • el camarero =The Waiter

  • la camarera =The Waitress

  • el empleado =The Employee (Male)

  • la empleada =The Employee (Female)

  • el ingles =The Englishman

  • la inglesa =The Englishwoman

Examples of Masculine nouns

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1Nouns in Spanish are called los sustantivos.   
2In Spanish all nouns have a gender.    
3They can either be masculine or feminine.   
4There are some rules which help you recognise    the gender. However, there are exceptions also.

  • El libro =Words that end with ‘o’

  • El ají =Words that end with an accented vowel

  • El rumor =Words that end with consonants except d and z

  • El perfume =Some words ending with ‘e’

  • El idioma =Few words ending with ‘ma’

Names of Months, Days, Oceans, Seas, Numbers, Rivers, Mountains are Usually Masculine Nouns

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For Example

1el mayoThe May
2el martesOn Tuesday
3el Océano PacificoThe Pacific Ocean
4el Balearic SeaThe Belearic Sea
5el unoThe One
6el TagusThe Tagus


  • el mayo =The May

  • el uno =The One

Feminine Nouns

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With the Below explanation you can now recognize the genders of Spanish nouns more accurately and can learn and memorize them more easily.   In Spanish, a noun’s gender and number play an important role that will help you to frame a grammatically correct sentence.

  • La mesa =Words that end with ‘a’

  • La salud =Words that end with ‘d’

  • La nariz =Words that end with ‘z’

  • La canción =Words that end with ‘ión’

Ending Of Feminine Nouns In Spanish

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  • The Following Noun endings are generally found on feminine. Examples
Feminine endingExamples 

la casa the house

la cara the face


el dia the day

el mapa the map

el planeta the planet

el tranvia the tram and other words with -ma in the end(el 

problema  the problem, el programa the programme, 

el sistema the system, el clima the climate) 

-cionla leccion the lesson

la estacion the station

la expresion the expression

-dadla ciudad the city
-tadla libertad freedom
-tudla multitud the crowd


Grammar Extra for Spanish Gender Nouns!

Some words have different meanings depending on whether they are masculine or feminine as given in examples below.


Invirtieron mucho capital.They invested lot of capital.
Viven en la capital.They live in the Capital.

  • la capital =The Capital (Meaning City)

  • la cometa =The Kite

  • la cura =The Cure

  • la guia =The Guidebook; The Guide (Woman)

Related Lessons in Advanced Course, to further your understanding.

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Nouns Referring to Things In Spanish

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Definite and Indefinite Articles, difference in Definite and Indefinite Articles.

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