Table of Contents
|1. Definition of Subjective||2. Conjugation of the Verbs with The Subjunctive|
|3. Future Sentences with Subjunctive||4. Subjunctive After the Words|
|5. Subordinated Sentences with The Subjective|
The subjunctive is a grammar structure in Spanish which is used to talk about uncertain affirmations or wishes. It can also be used to talk about possible, probable or unreal future actions. It means that the subjunctive is not used for real situations or facts. It is very important to know that the verbs should be conjugated when using the subjunctive in Spanish. Verbs in Spanish end in “ar”, “er”, and “ir” in the infinitive form, but when using the subjunctive, the conjugation is mandatory.
The conjugation of the verbs varies with the subjunctive. Verbs can be conjugated as the indicative mood in present, past or future. The subjunctive in present can be used in imperative tenses or subordinated sentences. Let’s take a look at some examples with the present tense. For negative sentences we can use verbs like: creer (believe), pensar (think), parecer (seem), considerer (consider) + que (that)
For future sentences we can use adverbs like maybe (tal vez), perhaps (quiza), probablemente (probably), posiblemente (it is possible).
We can also use the subjunctive after the following words: antes que (before), cuando (when), mientras (as long as), tan pronto como (as soon as) and después de que (after).
Finally we have the subordinated sentences which are two sentences joined by the word que (that). The tenses we can use are presente (present), estar + gerundio (to be + gerund), simple future (future simple), futuro compuesto (future perfect in English), preterito perfecto (present perfect in English), and la forma imperativa (imperative form). The subjunctive may look difficult but if we practice this every day. We will be able to manage it as soon as possible.