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The Future Tense

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Infographics of The Future Tense

Introduction to The Future Tense

UtterBug Background

It is interesting to note how future grammatical time seems to be undervalued in that highway of languages in the world in comparison with the past and above all the present, considering also what we saw in a past class where the present takes up positions with meanings towards the future in those phrases of the type: 

  • Quédate tranquila querida, más tarde lo arreglamos.  =Stay calm, dear, we'll fix that later.

  • Quédate tranquila querida, más tarde lo arreglaremos. =Stay calm, dear, we'll fix it later

Simple future Tenses

UtterBug Background

The future simple does not have much complication in being formed but certain grammatical rules must be taken into consideration. In the first place, we must know that in Spanish we will not find an auxiliary element like the Will in English, in fact this means that we must, as a general rule, make modifications in the endings of the verb linked to the subject, these standard endings will be "ar", "er" or "ir", let's see a table that will show us the way to conjugate the verbs of the Future Simple.


In this mode, as we can see, the use of tilde is elementary or imperative in the final part of some conjugations, for this reason it is important that we appreciate the following sentences to strengthen a little better the idea presented.

Sujeto (Subject)Gritar (shout)Rodar (roll)Rugir (Roar)
YoGritaré ( I will shout)Rodaré (I´ll roll)Rugiré (I will roar)
Gritarás (You will shout)Rodarás (You will roll)Rugirás (you will roar)
Él/EllaGritará (He/She will shout)Rodará (He/She will roll)Rugirá (He/She will roar)
NosotrosGritaremos (We will shout)Rodaremos (We will roll)Rugiremos (We will roar)
VosotrosGritaréis (You will shout)Rodaréis (You will roll)Rugiréis You will roar)
Ellos/EllasGritarán (They will shout)Rodarán (They will roll)Rugirán (they will roar)

  • Conversaré con el niño al anochecer. =I will talk to the child in the evening.

  • Te enviaré los zapatos en la mañana. =I will send you the shoes in the morning.

  • No te preocupes, ellos me acompañarán todo el tiempo. =Don't worry, they will be with me the whole time.

  • Nunca podrán saber lo que hice. =They can never know what I did.

  • Prometo que me esforzaré más para la próxima. =I promise I will try harder next time.

  • El abogado lo atenderá luego. =The lawyer will take care of you later.

  • No perderé mi tiempo en eso. =I will not waste my time on that.

  • Si continúas tus rutinas rigurosamente, adelgazarás para el verano. =If you continue your routines rigorously, you will lose weight for the summer.

Perfect future Tense

UtterBug Background

The composition of the Future Perfect is surprisingly simple. In each compound tense of Spanish, a scheme is respected that is initiated by the verb "haber" to continue with the participle, in this way, the dynamic with the Future Perfect consists of conjugating the verb "haber" in the simple future and attaching to it the participle of the dominant or main verb.

It is important to emphasize that the auxiliary will always be the verb "to have", the participle is constant and under no circumstances should there be anything between the verb and the participle. Let's see.

Verb HaberParticipleResult
HabréBail –ar ? bail -adoHabré bailado
HabrásCant –ar ? cant -adoHabrás cantado
HabremosCom –er ? com -idoHabremos comido
HabréisViv –ir ? viv -idoHabréis vivido
HabránJuzg –ar ? juzg -adoHabrán juzgado

  • Esta chica es muy atlética, habrá estado mucho tiempo entrenando. =This girl is very athletic, she will have been training for a long time.

  • No esperemos, habrán cambiado de opinión ya. =Let's not wait, they will have changed their minds by now.

  • Esta chica es muy atlética, será estado mucho tiempo entrenando. =This girl is very athletic, she will be spending a lot of time training.

  • No esperemos, habrán ya cambiado de opinión. =Let's not wait, they will have already changed their minds.

Periphrastic Future Tense

UtterBug Background

In the Spanish language there is a mode of the future which in a semantic way tries to give meaning by means of an immediate, near or proximate that lacks specificity. In other words, it expresses an event that will happen without announcing it in exactly the following way for example

  • Pronto voy a comerme la torta de la nevera. =Soon I'm going to eat the cake in the fridge.

  • Iba a contarle pero he decido esperar. =I was going to tell you but I decided to wait.

  • Cuando vaya a irme te lo anunciaré. =When I am going to leave I will announce it to you.

Related Lessons in Expert Course, to further your understanding.

UtterBug Benefits

The Conditional

UtterBug Benefits

The Preterite

UtterBug Benefits

The Imperfect Tense

UtterBug Benefits

The Perfect Tense

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