Table of Contents
|1. What are Perfect Tenses?||2. Do and Dont of Perfect Tenses|
|3. Present Perfect Tense||4. Examples of Present Perfect Tense|
|5. Present Perfect Tense Used to Express an Unfinished Period of Time||6. Using Present Perfect in Talking About Events That Happened in The Recent Past But The Effect of The Recent Event is Still Felt in The Present|
Categorically, when we speak of time we are referring to a verbal structure whose objective is to speak or express matters that have or have not occurred. Let's keep in mind that in English we use elements such as (have or has in the company of a past participle like the cases of danced, drank, dreamed) looking for a way to make known the events that have occurred in our lives, no matter if they happened a few hours, days or years ago, understanding this we will have a clearer notion since the perfect time in Spanish is used in a very similar way.
It is easy to notice in the expressions and in the daily life how the use of the perfect time is found in Spanish to talk about eventualities of a recent past, a matter that in English would be carried out in such a case with the simple past.
In the perfect tense also reflective verbs intervene, which are constituted in the same way as for ordinary verbs. An important point in this aspect is to keep in mind that the reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, os, se) must be accompanied later by (he, has, ha...) as seen below.
Me he bañado. (I took a bath) Te has bañado. (You have bathed) Se ha bañado (He has bathed) Nos hemos bañado. (We have bathed) La habéis bañado. (You have bathed her) Se han bañado. (They have bathed)
Suject Reflexive pronoun Companion Past participle Orientation Yo me he bañado Tú a has bañado Él/Ella se ha bañado Nosotros nos hemos bañado Vosotros la habéis bañado Ellos/Ellas se han bañado
Me he bañado.
(I took a bath)
Te has bañado.
(You have bathed)
Se ha bañado
(He has bathed)
Nos hemos bañado.
(We have bathed)
La habéis bañado.
(You have bathed her)
Se han bañado.
(They have bathed)
Present perfect tense can be used with expressions that are unspecific in time: