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Nationalities And Countries

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Infographics of Nationalities And Countries

In today’s era, it’s particularly difficult to connect someone of different countries and nationalities. Here, we will learn all about analyzing where you are from in Spanish. We will discuss and identify how to make basic sentences with countries and nationalities so that you can able to ask when you meet someone, “where are you from?” in Spanish and pronounce your nationality in the right way with some helpful and appropriate vocabulary related to countries and nationalities.


In the Spanish language, generally, words for the people who originate from any specific country all over the world seem or sound related to the word for the country in English. An impressive difference that diverges from English to Spanish is the words used for any country or nationalities are not capitalized in Spanish.

Thus, it’s very important to make difference easily and learn how to talk about where we live, where we come from, and who we are in Spanish.


For Example-

 A male originating from Colombia is colombiano and a female from Bolivia is boliviana.


Surely, the examples given in this article will make you understand this topic perfectly so that you can travel in the world anywhere you want and enjoy your trip confidently. Wherever you go, you can speak and understand others easily what your nationality is.


Countries in the Spanish language are proper nouns wherefore they will always start with a capital letter. Here are some rules to examine when talking about people’s nationalities in Spanish.

Some Helpful Suggestions on Nationalities in Spanish

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Meanwhile, each language is different; it’s not easy to understand nationalities in Spanish as the same in English.

In specific circumstances, some differences are implemented in concepts like capitalization, gender, and other grammar.

Let’s have a look at different rules you must remember while considering countries and nationalities in Spanish.
  • Lo llevaron al campamento británico. =They took him to the British camp.

Use of Adjectives for Nationalities and Countries in Spanish

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Nationalities are commonly used to describe people. The adjectives ending with “O” is for male and adjectives ending with “A” is for female.
For example- 
In Spanish, this would be pronounced like this:
“I am Americano” and “I am Americana” the nationality American is being used as an adjective to describe the person.
  • Soy americano =I am American

  • Soy americano =I am American

Nationalities and Countries with Gender in Spanish

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Nationalities comply with the same rules as other adjectives to match the gender of the person or object being talked about. 

For example-
If you talk about your father, you know that he’s a male. So, the nationality of Mexican has to also be male. 
My father is Mexicano.

But if you talk about your mother, the nationality has to be female.
My mother is Mexicana.

It can also be used to explain where any specific objects come from.

For example-
  • Mi vestido es ruso. =My dress is Russian.

  • Mi vestido es ruso. =My dress is Russian.

Describe Plural Form for Countries and Nationalities in Spanish

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Nationalities must be made plural to describe more than one person or object like other adjectives.
For example-

I have a Russian friend who’s a boy. As you are talking about a singular male person thus, the nationality will also be singular and male.
My friend is Russiano.

If you are talking about your friend and his siblings, the nationality will be plural and male.
My friends are Russianos.

The same condition applies to females also. Just like,
The La chica (girl) is Chinese and the las chicas (girls) are Chinese.
  • Mi amigo es ruso =My Friend is Russian

  • Mi amigo es ruso =My Friend is Russian

Nationalities and Countries with Neutral Gender in Spanish

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In neutral gender nationalities, you don’t have to change O to A to match the gender. Rather, it matches earlier, despite the gender of the noun.
For example-

The boy is Costa Rican (costarricense).
The girl is Costa Rican (costarricense).

Both sentences are correct, there is no need to change the gender of the word “Costa Rican”.

If having to convert the gender of nationalities, it’s very easy to ask people where you’re from and also ask where they’re from without thinking about gender. Don’t use your nationality as an adjective.

The simple pattern of the sentence is “ser de” means “to be from.”

By connecting the verb ser (to be) and then pronouncing the name of the country, you can tell someone that you’re from a specific place.
  • Ella es de Francia. =She is from France.

  • Ella es de Francia. =She is from France.

Capital Forms with Countries Name, Not with Nationalities

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You don’t need to capitalize the first letter of nationalities in Spanish. Let’s take a look:
For example-

I am American (americano).
You are Italian (italiano).

As when you are talking about any specific country, you have to use the pattern “ser de” which means you need to capitalize the first letter.
  • Soy de América (Unidos). =I’m from America (Unidos).

  • Soy de América (Unidos). =I’m from America (Unidos).

Masculine and Femenine Nationality Adjectives

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To create a feminine form of masculine Spanish nationality adjectives ending with a consonant, simply add -a.

The adjectives inglés  and other nationality adjectives ending in  –és and aleman remove the accent on their last vowel. That is to keep their original stresses.

  • Española (Feminine) =Spanish

  • Inglesa (Feminine) =English

  • Alemana (Feminine) =German

  • americana (Feminine) =América

  • australiana(Feminine) =Australia

  • italiana (Feminine) =Italia

  • francesa (Feminine) =Francia

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