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Learn Spanish Online

Infographics of Conjuctions

Conjunctions Phrases

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Conjunctions or las conjunciones are linking words which join two phrases, ideas or sentences. These sentences should be of equal value. There are also subordinate conjunctions which are used in subordinate clauses which means that they join two sentences which can’t be separated because they are inconclusive. 


There are hundreds of ways to connect two words or phrases and the conjunctions are the most used in English and Spanish. Using conjunctions will improve your speaking and writing skills since you’ll enrich your speech with longer sentences rather than repetitive and short ones. 


In the English language, the conjunctions are and, but, or, if, because, so, among others. They’re used all the time in everyday conversations to add information, express a contrast or introduce explanations. 

  • Vino a almorzar y luego se fue a su casa =He came for dinner and he then went home

  • Sofía e Isabel son hermanas =Sofía and Isabel are sisters

The most Used Conjunctions

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The most widely used conjunctions in Spanish are which means and, which is translated as or, pero or but, porque or because and si or if. 


is used to join two sentences to add information. In this case both phrases or sentences are at the same level. If the second word or sentence starts with the letter or the syllable hi you simply join them using e which plays the same role as Y.

  • Ellas son madre e hija =They’re mother and daughter

  • Compró una heladera y un lavarropas =He bought a fridge and a washing machine

Conjunctions Starting with O

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which is translated as or is a conjunction to give an alternative among different options. As in the case of the conjunction, is used instead of o when the following words starts with the vowel or ho

  • ¿Fuiste a Miami u Orlando? =Were you in Miami or Orlando?

  • ¿Son las diez u once? =Is it ten or eleven o’clock?

  • ¿Vamos a comer o de compras? =Shall we have dinner or go shopping?

  • Puedes pagar con débito o crédito =You can pay with debit or credit card

Negative Conjunctions Sentences

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But in spanish is pero, it’s used to express contrast. However, after negative sentences you simply use sino que which is another way to express contrast. 

  • Es inteligente pero no aprobó el exámen =He’s intelligent but he didn’t pass the exam

  • No es cocinero, sino chef =He’s not a cook but a chef

  • Quiero ir al cine pero tengo que trabajar =I want to go to the cinema but I have to work

  • No quiero viajar a Colombia sino a Venezuela =I don’t want to travel to Colombia but to Venezuela

Conjunction to Express a reason (Because)

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Porque means because and it’s a conjunction to express a reason. Be careful, since if you split this word in two you get por que which means why. 

  • Reprobó porque no estudió =She didn’t pass the exam because she didn’t study

  • No puedo ir a tu fiesta porque tengo que estudiar =I can’t go to your party because I have to study

  • Quiero comprar un auto porque no me gusta viajar en autobús =I want to buy a car because I don’t like travelling by bus

  • No puedo ir a trabajar porque estoy enferma =I can’t go to work because I’m sick

Conditional Conjunction starting with IF

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Si is a conjunction which means if. It ‘s used as a conditional. 

  • Si llueve, no hay partido de fútbol =If it rains, there’s not football match

  • Si no salimos ahora perderemos el avión =If we don’t go out now we’ll miss the flight

  • No comas si no quieres =Don’t eat if you don’t want to

Related Lessons in Distinguished Course, to further your understanding.

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Spanish Verb Conjugation

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Using Prepositions

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Split Conjuctions

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